The deadly elections in Mexico and their impact – the organization for world peace
As Mexico neared the start of its midterm gubernatorial season, eighty-nine politicians had been assassinated and many more injured or threatened, making it Mexico’s deadliest election to date. . Most of those killed were from the left-wing Movement for National Regeneration (Morena) party of President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, and a smaller part was associated with other political parties and organizations. A series of political assassinations were part of the violence, the presence of criminal groups also resulted in the forced displacement of thousands of people. The midterm elections that took place on June 6 determined Mexico’s emerging lower house of democracy. The murderous nature of the electoral process is exacerbated by the collusion of federal security forces with and sometimes their support for individual criminal groups.
Criminal organizations across Mexico are using tactics of violence and fear to pressure the emerging Mexican democracy. The violence is rampant and targets those trying to overthrow the local ruling party and those campaigning for government positions. In previous years, dozens of candidates have been attacked for ignoring threats or making public appearances. Today, many candidates respond to threats by dropping out and dropping their candidacy until they feel safe enough to continue campaigning. However, many are also willing to risk their lives for a chance to change the political environment of their state. In a high-profile case, Zudikey Rodriguez, a candidate for municipal presidency in Valle de Bravo, a town just outside Mexico City, briefly gave up campaigning after being kidnapped and threatened. Falko Ernst, senior analyst in Mexico for the International Crisis Group, described how some political parties have taken advantage of the money and brute force of organized gangs, saying: “In reality, we are seeing a very dynamic type of negotiation. power between both sides. ”Gangs linked to political parties or candidates through funding assassinate their opposition leaders to ensure their influence over decisions about the police, the distribution of local budgets and the control of illicit activities.
According to the federal prosecutor’s office, the majority of the attacks took place in sparsely populated cities which could be influenced or influenced to vote differently and far from urban centers. They also pointed out that electoral violence was predominant in seven states. In those states, 150 candidates were assigned bodyguards and the government continued to urge citizens to vote. The states of Veracruz, Jalisco and Oaxaca recorded the highest number of attacks against active officials. In the western state of Michoacan, where the Jalisco New Generation cartel continued its conflict with the United Cartels, an alliance of local groups, thousands of residents have fled the area, many migrating to the United States to seek asylum. . Gregorio Lopez, a priest who sheltered refugees from Michoacan, said: “They are leaving because they are caught in the crossfire because their homes have been destroyed, [and] because the main roads leading [the area] were cut up to stop the advance of the Jaliscos.
Gasoline, fresh food, and other staples have also become more expensive in conflict zones as trade and economic growth become difficult. The Jalisco Cartel, Mexico’s fastest growing cartel, sees Michoacan, plagued by international trafficking routes and markets, designed for extortion. The group’s ability to gain control of the state has been hampered by its opponents’ ties to local politics. The fighting between the two criminal groups is directly correlated with a desire for political power. By providing illicit funding for short-term campaigns, criminal organizations can tap into state finances and influence long-term state security actions.
The attacks on the candidates reflect a broader effort by criminal groups to exercise control in Mexico. In recent years, deliberate attacks have been carried out by organized criminal groups against reporters, activists, priests and journalists. Throughout the campaign, state and federal authorities did little to protect the civilian population. In the election, many Mexican voters made it clear that they intended to use the midterms to maintain democratic constraints on Lopez Obrador’s presidency. To ensure the safety of civilians and the maintenance of their right to vote, the elected government should pressure political parties not to accept support from criminal organizations. Prioritize the safety of civilians and those who campaign.